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ER had played an unprecedented role in the planning and implementation of New Deal programs.Although she was not in a position to take an active role in the day-to-day planning and prosecution of the war, she found other ways to exercise her influence.
The brilliance of America's military leaders, including General Dwight D.
Eisenhower, who planned and led the attack against the Nazis in Western Europe, and General Douglas Mac Arthur and Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, who led the Allied effort in the Pacific, also contributed to the Allied victory.
The weak response of the European democracies to fascist aggression and American isolationism allowed the Axis powers to gain the upper hand initially.
Although the war began with Nazi Germany's attack on Poland in September 1939, the United States did not enter the war until after the Japanese bombed the American fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941.
Among the war's major turning points for the United States were the Battle of Midway (1942), the invasion of Italy (1943), the Allied invasion of France (1944), the battle of Leyte Gulf (1944) and the dropping of the atomic bombs on Japan (1945).
What Were The Causes Of World War 2 Essay
The war ended with the Axis powers' unconditional surrender in 1945.
She continued to champion civil rights and civil liberties arguing that America could not simultaneously fight racism abroad and tolerate it at home.
The painful sacrifices of war would be pointless if America did not achieve equality and justice for all its citizens.
She served briefly as assistant director of the Office of Civilian Defense, but found that by serving in an official position she created so much controversy that it harmed the agency, and she resigned.
At FDR's behest she undertook two major tours, one to Europe (1942) and one to the South Pacific (1943), where she met with Allied servicemen and wartime leaders, providing comfort and boosting morale.