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Although the term hate crime and societal interest in it are relatively recent developments, hate crime has deep historical roots. As Native Americans have been described as the first hate crime victims, hate crimes have existed since the United States’ inception.
Hate crime is defined as an illegal act against a person, institution, or property that is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offender’s bias against the victim’s group membership. Proponents of hate crime laws feel strongly about society making a statement that biased (or hate) crimes will not be tolerated and that serious penalties will be applied to those who commit such crimes.
Although hate crime is a relatively new category of crime, the United States has a long history of biased actions against individuals because of their race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, and gender. In addition, these laws are important in order to deter potential hate crime offenders who intentionally target members of subordinate groups.
Many hate crimes are based on racial or religious bias. Religious bias is also a big reason for hate crimes.
Jewish people and Catholics make up most of the victims of religious based crimes.
Hate crime laws are also symbolic and promote social cohesion by officially stating that victimization of people who are “different” is not accepted or tolerated in a modern society.
Term Paper On Hate Crimes
There have also been arguments against the formation of hate crime laws.Critics also wonder why anger/hate is more punishable than other motives such as greed.Although there has been (and still is) debate about hate crime laws, the mere fact that they exist in several countries around the world, as well as within the United States, indicates that reasoning in favor of these laws has outweighed that against them. Although there are variations in definition, and certainly variations among state hate crime laws, in general a hate crime is considered to be an illegal act against a person, institution, or property that is motivated (in whole or in part) by the offender’s prejudice against the victim’s group membership status. Since then, members of all immigrant groups have been subjected to discrimination, harassment, and violence.African-Americans, Jews, and Catholics are still somewhat segregated from the rest of the country.Sexual minorities are often a target of hate crimes.Hate crimes are committed by a wide variety of people.There are many organized hate groups in the world, but ordinarily l ...Others argue that the disagreement over which subordinate groups to include in the hate crime laws actually causes added discrimination and marginalization.Critics state that what these laws effectively are saying is that one group is more worthy of protection and care than another.