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The Congress was outlawed and nearly ninety thousand people were put behind the bar.On , Gandhiji and other top leaders of Congress were imprisoned.
The Congress ratified the pact at the Karachi Session of march 1931. Even Gandhi was shown black flags when he arrived to attend the session.
It was due to his failure to get the release of Bhagat Singh and two of his comrades who had been given death sentence and were executed only two days before the Karachi session of the Congress.
were dissatisfied with the sudden suspension of the movement.
In the election of 1923, the Swaraj Party secured absolute majority in Bengal and Central Provinces. In 1927, the British Government appointed the Simon Commission consisting of seven members of the British Parliament with Sir John Simon as its chairman.
When Lord Irwin did not pay any attention to his demands and warned him of the consequences of his action, Gandhiji was left with no alternative but to start the Civil Disobedience Movement.
On March 12, 1930, Gandhiji led a march from his Sabarmati Ashram with his 78 followers and reached the sea at Dandi on 5 April 1930. There was tremendous enthusiasm among the people during the march.
The Commission was to look into the functioning of the Government of India Act 1919 and to suggest further constitutional reforms for India.
Since not a single Indian was included in it, the National Congress rejected to co-operate with the Commission.
The historic Independence Resolution was adopted and the tri-colour flag of independence was hoisted at the midnight of 31st December 1929.
The Congress under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi presented a definite challenge to the British Government.