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New Deal bills supported direct federal aid, tightened government control over many industries, and eschewed volunteerism in favor of deficit spending, all in the hopes of jump starting both consumer confidence and the economy.In a letter to a friend written seven months after he left office, Hoover expressed his fears about the flurry of New Deal legislation. My dear Governor Emmerson: No matter what improvement there may be in our economic situation during the fall, we shall unquestionably have considerable continuance of destitution over the winter.
The opinion of the public during the presidencies of Hoover and Roosevelt also thought of Hoover as conservative and Roosevelt as liberal.
In one 1931 cartoon, Hoover is shown reaching for a boat containing a struggling economy.
By July 1931, when the President wrote this letter to a friend, Governor Louis Emmerson of Illinois, it had become clear that excessive speculation and a worldwide economic slowdown had plunged America into the midst of a Great Depression. action." Since the crash, Hoover had worked ceaselessly trying to fix the economy.
While Hoover wrote to Emmerson that "considerable continuance of destitution over the winter" and perhaps longer was unavoidable, he was trying to "get machinery of the country into . He founded government agencies, encouraged labor harmony, supported local aid for public works, fostered cooperation between government and business in order to stabilize prices, and struggled to balance the budget.
But Hoover refused to involve the federal government in forcing fixed prices, controlling businesses, or manipulating the value of the currency, all of which he felt were steps towards socialism.
He was inclined to give indirect aid to banks or local public works projects, but he refused to use federal money for direct aid to citizens, believing the dole would weaken public morale.During the 1930s, the economy was struggling and the main issue was whether or not the government should help out.Hoover tried as much as possible to stay away from government control over the economy and industries.While Hoover was a one-term President who presided over the most serious economic crisis in the country's historyâ€"the Great Depressionâ€"Roosevelt is the only US President to have been elected 4 times and is gratefully remembered for having pulled his country out of the Depression.Some people believe that Hoover was unfairly held responsible for the Great Depression and they may well be right but there is no escaping the fact that some of his policies worsened the economic crisis and it was left to the outstanding leadership of FDR and his New Deal policies that lifted the spirits of a dejected nation and reversed the downward spiral of a seemingly endless recession.Hoover saw the country already "going sour on the New Deal." He believed revolution inevitable "unless there is a halt" to the fundamental changes in government and the deficit spending. I am wondering if it would not be advisable for us to get the machinery of the country into earlier action than last year in order that there may be provision for funds substantially made before the winter arrives.Roosevelt’s reforms had led Americans to "cast off all moorings," and Hoover predicted that the United States would veer dangerously "to the ‘left,’" followed by a reaction leading to "some American interpretation of Hitler or Mussolini." In 1934, after two years out of the public eye, Hoover made these same thoughts public in an article titled "The Challenge to Liberty."Hoover was correct when he predicted that the role of American government would fundamentally change because of the New Deal. Your organization last winter was one of the most admirable in the whole country and I had some thought that if all organizations were to begin their appeals for funds some time in October and run them over Thanksgiving we could make it more or less a national question and thereby support each state committee more effectively.In his candidate speech in October 1929 he said "It is a false liberalism that interprets itself into the government operation of commercial business." Hoover was a very conservative President and did not like taking risks.President Roosevelt, on the other hand, was a very liberal president.He invested much of the government's money into programs to improve unemployment, and control the economy to help get America back on its feet.During his many years as president, government expenditures and total debt almost doubled.