From seabirds, whales, and dolphins, Plastic waste can encourage the growth of pathogens in the ocean.
According to a recent study, scientists concluded that corals that come into contact with plastic have an 89 percent chance of contracting disease, compared with a 4 percent likelihood for corals that do not.
The studies reveal that around 12.7 million tonnes of plastic waste are washed into the ocean every year.
The United Nations Environment Programme estimates there could be as many as 51 trillion microplastic particles in the oceans already.ships and offshore oil and gas platforms also contribute to it.
A recent study found that sea turtles that ingest just 14 pieces of plastic have an increased risk of death.
The young are especially at risk because they are not as selective as their elders about what they eat and tend to drift with currents, just as plastic does.Some starve after doing so, mistakenly believing they have eaten enough because their stomachs are full.On many beaches, plastic pollution is so pervasive that it’s affecting turtles’ reproduction rates by altering the temperatures of the sand where incubation occurs.Fish, seabirds, sea turtles, and marine mammals can become entangled in or ingest plastic debris, causing suffocation, starvation, and drowning.Humans are not immune to this threat: While plastics are estimated to take up to hundreds of years to fully decompose, some of them break down much quicker into tiny particles, which in turn end up in the seafood we eat.Unless action is taken soon to address this urgent problem, scientists predict that the weight of ocean plastics will exceed the combined weight of all of the fish in the seas by 2050.Up to 13 million tons of plastic waste enters the ocean each year, threatening marine ecosystems and the people who depend on them.While dolphins are highly intelligent and thus unlikely to eat plastic, they are susceptible to contamination through prey that have ingested synthetic compounds.Plastic in our oceans affects creatures large and small.Plastic waste kills up to a million seabirds a year.As with sea turtles, when seabirds ingest plastic, it takes up room in their stomachs, sometimes causing starvation.