She then shows why she regards "man's life" as the objective standard in ethics, the measure of right and wrong, and why she rejects the traditional view that altruism, or one's service to others, is the measure of goodness. But, as this essay shows, political thinkers and economists hardly know the meaning of capitalism.She outlines her view of each individual person as a rational being who can and should live and achieve happiness through his own effort and the use of his own mind. Rand explains what capitalism is, why it made the Industrial Revolution possible, and how it came to be vilified and almost universally misunderstood in the 20th Century.
It covers the cardinal virtues identified by Rand, the cardinal values from which they're derived, the standard that is the basis of all value, and the reason why that is the standard.
Rand called Objectivism “a philosophy for living on earth.” We will delve into Rand’s theory in depth, and examine the practical application of it.
Ayn Rand portrayed her philosophy in action in her novels We the Living, Anthem, The Fountainhead , and Atlas Shrugged (See here for more infomation on Rand's fiction).
But she also summarized her views in specific areas of philosophy and applied them to a searching cultural critique in her non-fiction essays and public speeches.
Perhaps the most familiar basic issue in the theory of beauty is whether beauty is subjective—located ‘in the eye of the beholder’—or whether it is an objective feature of beautiful things.
A pure version of either of these positions seems implausible, for reasons we will examine, and many attempts have been made to split the difference or incorporate insights of both subjectivist and objectivist accounts.Rand catalogs the cultural ills she sees attending to this situation, including irrationalism and nihilism, and calls for a "moral revolution… "The Objectivist Ethics" in (Signet paperback edition), pp. This essay presents Rand's theory of good and evil, of virtue and vice.Rand begins at the beginning, asking what ethics is and why we need it. Today we live in era of that some call the triumph of capitalism.The restaurant serves great food at reasonable prices.The nature of beauty is one of the most enduring and controversial themes in Western philosophy, and is—with the nature of art—one of the two fundamental issues in philosophical aesthetics.It is the key to understanding the Objectivism's politics and the meaning of liberty."The Psycho-Epistemology of Art" in , (Signet paperback edition), pp. Ayn Rand was a fiction writer, and here she takes on the basic issue of aesthetic theory: what art is and why we need it.As such, it is the best place to discover the full sense of Rand's magnificent vision of life.(There are no study questions for this reading assignment.) 3.Rand defines art as "a selective recreation of reality," and connects our need for it to the human faculty of reason, particularly the abstractness of our ideas.Ayn Rand’s essay The Objectivist Ethics is perhaps the most comprehensive presentation of the fundamentals of her philosophy in a single essay.