Mill Utilitarianism Essay

Utilitarianism argues that one has to maximize the overall good, consider both his own good as well as the good of others.Two well-known philosophers, John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham, identified the good with pleasure and also argued that we need to maximize the good.Mills also stated that things such as one’s achievement of goals should be considered as part of their happiness.

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Therefore, people would view these standards as morally binding if the society were to embrace utilitarianism.This theory is better understood as a form of consequentialism whereby, right actions are better understood as a result of produced consequences.However, utilitarianism is not the same as egoism, since; utilitarianism is determined by the scope of the relevant consequences.He further states that the sentiment of justice is based on utility and human rights exists solely because they are necessary for human happiness.However, the theory of utilitarianism has been criticized for many reasons.According to Mills pleasure can differ in terms of quantity and quality.Also pleasures that are very important to one should be should be weighed more heavily as opposed to the ones that are less important.The features of this approach to moral evaluation have proven to be controversial.These controversies have resulted to change in the classical version of the theory.Utilitarianism is also distinguished by agent-neutrality. It emphasis that happiness is the same to everyone; my good does not differ from the good of someone else.We all have the same reason to promote the good; it is not unique to one person.


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