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The hypotheses should flow logically out of everything that’s been presented, so that the reader has the sense of, “Of course.This hypothesis makes complete sense, given all the other research that was presented.” When incorporating references into your intro, you do not necessarily need to describe every single study in complete detail, particularly if different studies use similar methodologies.
The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad! Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction: Don’t put your readers to sleep by beginning your paper with the time-worn sentence, “Past research has shown (blah blah blah)” They’ll be snoring within a paragraph! In other words, your intro shouldn’t read like a story of “Schmirdley did such-and-such in 1991. Then....(etc.)” First, brainstorm all of the ideas you think are necessary to include in your paper.
Try to draw your reader in by saying something interesting or thought-provoking right off the bat. Next, decide which ideas make sense to present first, second, third, and so forth, and think about how you want to transition between ideas.
The Method section typically includes Participants, Materials and/or Apparatus, and Procedure sections.
If the design is particularly complicated (multiple IVs in a factorial experiment, for example), you might also include a separate Design subsection or have a “Design and Procedure” section.
•Title should be between 10-12 words and should reflect content of paper (e.g., IV and DV).
•Title, your name, and Hamilton College are all double-spaced (no extra spaces) •Create a page header using the “View header” function in MS Word.If you included a questionnaire, you should describe it in detail.For instance, note how many items were on the questionnaire, what the response format was (e.g., a 5-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree)), how many items were reverse-scored, whether the measure had subscales, and so forth. If you have created a new instrument, you should attach it as an Appendix.Be careful about citing your sources (see APA manual).Make sure there is a one-to-one correspondence between the articles you’ve cited in your intro and the articles listed in your reference section.The Method section of an APA-style paper is the most straightforward to write, but requires precision.Your goal is to describe the details of your study in such a way that another researcher could duplicate your methods exactly.Note that in some studies (e.g., questionnaire studies in which there are many measures to describe but the procedure is brief), it may be more useful to present the Procedure section prior to the Materials section rather than after it. (e.g., money, extra credit points) Write for a broad audience. 280...” Rather, write (for instance), “Students in a psychological statistics and research methods course at a small liberal arts college….” Try to avoid short, choppy sentences.Total number of participants (# women, # men), age range, mean and SD for age, racial/ethnic composition (if applicable), population type (e.g., college students). Combine information into a longer sentence when possible.Remember to write numbers out when they begin a sentence. Carefully describe any stimuli, questionnaires, and so forth.It is unnecessary to mention things such as the paper and pencil used to record the responses, the data recording sheet, the computer that ran the data analysis, the color of the computer, and so forth.