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The Anglo-Saxons minted their own coins – they made different designs that were pressed onto the face of a coin, so archaeologists who find those coins today know when they were used.
The earliest English kings were Anglo-Saxons, starting with Egbert in the year 802.
Anglo-Saxons ruled for about three centuries, and during this time they formed the basis for the English monarchy and laws.
Beowulf is an Anglo-Saxon heroic poem (3182 lines long!
) which tells us a lot about life in Anglo-Saxon times (though it is not set in England but in Scandinavia).
By the 800s, there were four main kingdoms in England: Northumbria, Mercia, East Anglia and Wessex.
One of the most well-known kings from Merica was Offa.The two most famous Anglo-Saxon kings are Alfred the Great and Canute the Great.When the Romans left Britain, the country was divided up into a lot of smaller kingdoms and sub-kingdoms that often fought with each other and against any invaders who tried to take over.It didn’t work, and the courtiers finally admitted that Canute was not all-powerful.Canute said, “Let all men know how empty and worthless is the power of kings.Vikings from the east were still invading England during the time of the Anglo-Saxons.Sometimes, instead of fighting the Vikings, people would pay them money to leave them in peace. Alfred the Great was based in the kingdom of Wessex, and his palace was in Winchester.He declared himself the first ‘king of the English’ because he won battles involving kings in the surrounding kingdoms, but their dominance didn’t really last after Offa died.Offa is most remembered for Offa’s Dyke along the border between England and Wales – it was a 150-mile barrier that gave the Mericans some protection if they were about to be invaded. Many people were pagans and worshipped different gods who oversaw different things people did – for instance, Wade was the god of the sea, and Tiw was the god of war. Augustine came to England to tell people about Christianity.There are nine versions of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles still around today – this is because copies of the original were given to monks in different monasteries around England to keep up-to-date with information about the area where they lived.Nobody has ever seen the original Anglo-Saxon Chronicles that the copies were made from.