This affects highly educated young females in particular."In Turkey, the unemployment rate among university educated women is more than 3 times higher than that of university educated men; in Iran and the United Arab Emirates, it is nearly 3 times; and in Saudi Arabia, it is 8 times".
That amounts to the biggest gap between youth and adult unemployment rates since 1977.
In Canada's largest province, Ontario, joblessness rates are the highest.
For many governments, a key question is how they can bridge this gap and ensure that young people are equipped with the skills employers are looking for.
First, a high level of employment protection regulations causes employers to be cautious about hiring more than a minimum number of workers, since they cannot easily be laid off during a downturn, or fired if a new employee should turn out to be unmotivated or incompetent.
The purpose of internships is to allow students or recent graduates to acquire work experience and a recommendation letter to add to their curriculum vitae.
However, many interns have complained that they are simply performing basic grunt-work, rather than learning important knowledge and skills.
Beyond the necessity to ensure its access to all, education is not adequately tailored to the needs of the labour market, which in turns leads to two consequences: the inability for young people to find jobs and the inability for employers to hire the skills they need.
Combined with the economic crisis and the lack of sufficient job creation in many countries, it has resulted in high unemployment rates around the world and the development of a skills crisis.
Once this work ends, many find themselves unemployed and disadvantaged in the job search.
However, some youth are entering work on a part-time basis during tertiary education.