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As the tide of World War II turned against the Nazis, they began a systematic plan to eliminate or "liquidate" the ghettos they had established, by a combination of mass murder on the spot and transferring the remaining residents to extermination camps.When the Nazis attempted to liquidate the Warsaw Ghetto on April 13, 1943, the remaining Jews fought back in what has become known as the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
- The question of the origins of the Holocaust has been studied by scholars using several differing approaches.
These interpretations are outlined by Donald Niewyk in The Holocaust as the long history of European anti-Semitism, the charismatic personality of Adolf Hitler and the influence of modern “scientific” racism or eugenics.
The Holocaust is one of the most notorious acts of genocide in modern history. Holocaust Memorial Museum, up to 17 million people were killed during the Holocaust, but no single document exists recording the total number.
The many atrocities committed by Nazi Germany before and during World War II destroyed millions of lives and permanently altered the face of Europe. The Nazis sometimes used the term "Final Solution" to refer to their plan to exterminate the Jewish people, although the origins of this are unclear, according to historians. Six million of these were Jews—approximately two-thirds of all Jews living in Europe.
The Jewish resistance fighters held out against the entire Nazi regime for 28 days, longer than many European countries had been able to withstand Nazi conquest.
Although many people refer to all Nazi camps as concentration camps, there were actually a number of different kinds of camps, including concentration camps, extermination camps, labor camps, prisoner-of-war camps, and transit camps.
After the beginning of World War II, Nazis began ordering all Jews to live in small, segregated areas of big cities, called ghettos.
Jews were forced out of their homes and moved into smaller dwellings, often shared with one or more other families.
Jews were banned from public parks, fired from civil service jobs, and forced to register their property.
Other laws barred Jewish doctors from treating anyone other than Jewish patients, expelled Jewish children from public schools, and placed severe travel restrictions on Jews.