Gender is one of the factors that can cause one form of mutation (soft mutation).
For instance, the word merch "girl" changes into ferch after the definite article.
This article is about grammatical rules of agreement with nouns.
For uses of language associated with men and women, see Language and gender.
(See below.) The grammatical gender of a noun manifests itself in two principal ways: in the modifications that the noun itself undergoes, and in modifications of other related words (agreement). The gender of a noun may affect the modifications that the noun itself undergoes, particularly the way in which the noun inflects for number and case.
For example, a language like Latin, German or Russian has a number of different declension patterns, and which pattern a particular noun follows may be highly correlated with its gender. A concrete example is provided by the German word See, which has two possible genders: when it is masculine (meaning "lake") its genitive singular form is Sees, but when it is feminine (meaning "sea"), the genitive is See, because feminine nouns do not take the genitive -s. In Welsh, gender marking is mostly lost on nouns; however, Welsh has initial mutation, where the first consonant of a word changes into another in certain conditions.In this case, the gender assignment can also be influenced by the morphology or phonology of the noun, or in some cases can be apparently arbitrary.Grammatical gender manifests itself when words related to a noun like determiners, pronouns or adjectives change their form (inflect) according to the gender of noun they refer to (agreement).Most Niger–Congo languages also have extensive systems of noun classes, which can be grouped into several grammatical genders.Conversely, grammatical gender is usually absent from the Koreanic, Japonic, Tungusic, Turkic, Mongolic, Austronesian, Sino-Tibetan, Uralic and most Native American language families.In these languages, most or all nouns inherently carry one value of the grammatical category called gender; the values present in a given language (of which there are usually two or three) are called the genders of that language.According to one definition: "Genders are classes of nouns reflected in the behaviour of associated words." Common gender divisions include masculine and feminine; masculine, feminine, and neuter; or animate and inanimate.For example, if the word dar (meaning wood or tree) is feminine, it means that it is a living tree (e.g.dara sêvê means "apple tree"), but if it is masculine, it means that it is dead, no longer living (e.g. So if one wants to say a certain table is made of the wood from an apple tree, he or she can not use the word dar in a feminine gender, and if he or she wants to refer to the apple tree in his or her garden can not use dar with masculine gender.For methods of minimizing the use of gendered forms, see Gender-neutral language. In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.This system is used in approximately one quarter of the world's languages.