As a result, the Empire Service was renamed the BBC Overseas Service in November 1939, supplemented by the addition of a dedicated BBC European Service from 1941.Funding for these services - known administratively as the External Services of the BBC - came not from the domestic licence-fee but from government grant-in-aid (from the Foreign Office budget).This reflected the financial situation the Corporation faced following transfer of responsibility for the Service from the Foreign Office, so that it would in future have been funded from within licence-fee income.Tags: Reflective Essay On The Life Of Olaudah EquianoButterflies Research PapersIn An Essay The Paragraph Contains The Thesis Statement The ConsistsFormats For Research PapersIct Coursework DatabasesFinancial Management Research PaperParagraph Persuasive EssayDissertation Titles
The English service is also available on digital radio in the UK and Europe.
Traditionally, the Service relied on shortwave broadcasts, because of their ability to overcome barriers of censorship, distance, and spectrum scarcity.
However, following the explosion of a parachute mine nearby on 8 December 1940, it relocated to premises away from the likely target of Broadcasting House.
The BBC World Service encompasses an English 24-hour global radio network and separate services in 27 other languages.
Audiences in countries with wide access to Internet services have less need for terrestrial radio.
Broadcasts in German ended in March 1999, after research showed that the majority of German listeners tuned into the English-language service.
BBC World Service English maintains eight different regional feeds with several program variations, covering, respectively, East and South Africa; West and Central Africa; Europe and Middle East; Americas and Caribbean; East Asia; South Asia; Australasia; United Kingdom.
There are also two separate online-only streams with one being more news-oriented, known as News Internet.
George Orwell broadcast many news bulletins on the Eastern Service during World War II.
By the end of the 1940s the number of broadcast languages had expanded and reception had improved, following the opening of a relay in modern-day Malaysia and of the Limassol relay in Cyprus in 1957.