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Parents whose children have the disorder usually start noticing the symptoms when the child is about 2 years old (Arndt, Stodgell and Rodier, 2005).
This is in sharp contrast to the prevalence rate in the US where 9 in every 1,000 children are diagnosed with the disorder.
Additionally, autism is common 3-4 times more in boys than in girls.
The disorders include Asperger’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDDNOS), Rett’s syndrome and Autism.
These disorders can be recognized during infancy and any time before the child reaches 3 years of age.
This paper is aimed at the extensive discussion of Autism, in the spectrum of PDD.
Autism Essays Conclusions
The possible causes, characteristics, management and treatment of the disorder will be discussed below.The effect of this disorder is in the brain where there is an alteration of the way that synapses and their respective nerve cells connect and organize.How this happens is not yet fully understood by the researchers in Autism.Many people purport that the disorder is caused by the environmental agents that are brought about by human activity.Some of the causes that are thought of include diet, body’s inability to utilize certain components like vitamins and minerals, changes in the digestive tract changes, sensitivity to vaccines, and mercury poisoning.There are many disorders that fall within this category, each with its own unique set of manifestations on the child.However, there are commonalities in this spectrum that include impairments or delays in the cognitive development of children, abnormal social behaviors and impairment or delays in communication.Autism is a disorder that is characterized by repetitive behavior that is restricted.Its manifestation is in impaired social interactions of affected children and also impaired communication.The problem with language does not necessarily have to occur when the child is 2.In fact, a child may develop naturally until a certain point where regression is witnessed.