How can one expect a machine to do all this multitudinous variety of things?
The answer is that we should consider the machine to be doing something quite simple, namely carrying out orders given to it in a standard form which it is able to understand.” ; they were excited by the potential the new silicon chips had to let them build their own computers.
There will positively be no internal alteration [of the computer] to be made even if we wish suddenly to switch from calculating the energy levels of the neon atom to the enumeration of groups of order 720.
It may appear somewhat puzzling that this can be done.
As the 1950s progressed business was quick to see the benefits of computers and business computing became a new industry.
These computers were all Universal Turing Machines—that’s the point, you could program them to do anything.
Turing designed an electromechanical machine, called the Bombe, that searched through the permutations, and by the end of the war the British were able to read all daily German Naval Enigma traffic.
It has been reported that Eisenhower said the contribution of Turing and others at Bletchley shortened the war by as much as two years, saving millions of lives.
He envisaged a time when artificial intelligence (AI) would be a reality.
But, how would you know if a machine was intelligent?