Algonquins And Iroquois Farmers Of The Woodlands Essay

Algonquins And Iroquois Farmers Of The Woodlands Essay-55
Deganawidah named his disciple Hiawatha, meaning "he who combs," and sent him to confront Todadaho and remove the snakes from the chief's hair.After enduring terrible hardships at his adversary's hands, and after convincing the other Iroquoian chiefs to accept the Good Message, Hiawatha finally convinced Todadaho as well.

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The Iroquois Confederacy, an association of six linguistically related tribes in the northeastern woodlands, was a sophisticated society of some 5,500 people when the first white explorers encountered it at the beginning of the seventeenth century.

The 1990 Census counted 49,038 Iroquois living in the United States, making them the country's eighth most populous Native American group.

During that period, the Iroquois began to acquire European trade goods through raids on other Indian tribes.

They found the metal axes, knives, hoes, and kettles far superior to their implements of stone, bone, shell, and wood.

The origin of the name Iroquois is uncertain, although it seems to have involved French adaptations of Indian words.

Among the possibilities that have been suggested are a blending of hiro (an Iroquois word used to conclude a speech) and koué (an exclamation); ierokwa ("they who smoke"); iakwai ("bear"); or the Algonquian words irin ("real") and ako ("snake") with the French -ois termination.He went outside to dispose of the corpse, and when he returned to his lodge he met Deganawidah.The foreigner's words of peace and righteousness were so powerful that the man became a loyal disciple and helped spread the message.The Cherokee people, whose historic homeland was in the southeastern United States, belong to the same linguistic group and share some other links with the Iroquois.Where and when they may have lived near each other is unknown.The Mohawk called themselves Ganiengehaka, or "people of the flint country." Their warriors, armed with flint arrows, were known to be overpowering; their enemies called them Mowak, meaning "man eaters." The name Oneida means "people of the standing stone," referring to a large rock that, according to legend, appeared wherever the people moved, to give them directions.The Onondaga ("people of the hills"), the Cayuga ("where they land the boats"), and the Seneca ("the people of the big hill") named themselves by describing their homelands.Finally, he encountered a violent, cannibalistic Onondagan.According to legend, Deganawidah watched through a hole in the roof while the man prepared to cook his latest victim.One likely interpretation of the origin of the name is the theory that it comes from the Algonquian word "Irinakhoiw," which the French spelled with the -ois suffix.The French spelling roughly translates into "real adders" and would be consistent with the tendency of European cultures to take and use derogatory terms from enemy nations to identify various Native groups.

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