A Practical Guide To Critical Thinking

With practical strategies for defining, analyzing, and evaluating reasons and arguments, the book illustrates how the concept of an argument extends beyond philosophical roots into experimentation, testing, measurement, and policy development and assessment.Featuring plenty of updated exercises for a wide range of subject areas, A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking Deciding What to Do and Believe, Second Edition also includes: Numerous real-world examples from many fields of research, which reflect the applicability of critical thinking in everyday life New topical coverage, including the nature of reasons, assertion and supposing, narrow and broad definitions, circumstantial reasons, and reasoning about causal claims Selected answers to various exercises to provide readers with instantaneous feedback to support and extend the lessons A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking Deciding What to Do and Believe, Second Edition is an excellent textbook for courses on critical thinking and logic at the undergraduate and graduate levels as well as an appropriate reference for anyone with a general interest in critical thinking skills.

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It is one of the founding stones of human civilization.

A person who lives his life bound by pre-conceived notions and doesn’t allow people to suggest changes is like a frog in a well.

Critical thinking deals with careful interpretation of information and using it to reach a practical conclusion.

The principle of critical thinking can be applied to any context, as the concepts are universal in nature, however their application depends on the specialization that you want to apply it to.

Reasoning is the everyday process that we all use in order to draw conclusions from facts or evidence.

To think critically about what you read and hear is a vital skill for everyone, whether you are a student or not.It has been observed that people with critical thinking abilities are not so much interested in listening to the extent of the damage of the problem before setting to work upon addressing it.This means their approach to problem-solving remains the same for every problem they face.Reasoning is the ability of using available knowledge to process some information related to it and determine whether it’s true or false.It is this quality of reasoning that has made the human race evolve from being a bunch of cave-dwellers to acquiring the coveted top position in the animal world.Open-minded people don’t mind having a second opinion from a credible source, even after they have arrived at a conclusion.They are always on the look-out for different alternatives and possibilities to approach a situation and don’t like being bogged down under the weight of preconceived ideas and notions.Critical thinking includes identification of prejudice, bias, propaganda, self-deception, distortion, misinformation, etc.Given research in cognitive psychology, some educators believe that schools should focus on teaching their students critical thinking skills and cultivation of intellectual traits.It’s not only about the way we think and analyze facts, but also how we use those facts to decide upon a course of action and act upon them.Action is an important step of critical reasoning, as the entire concept of Critical Reasoning revolves around acting on solid, irrefutable evidence.

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