Peter Cave similarly argues that Japanese ‘children first learn to be “part of the group”’ through ‘educational trajectory’,(such as a strong sense of belonging to their school or company community), Japanese people are less likely to care about more abstract, global public issues such as environmental issues.After the author of this paper published an article as a freelance journalist in Consequently, the Japanese environmentalist perspective has a minimal effect upon Japanese society, and the Fisheries Agency (along with other officials) continues to be the main player in influencing decision-making and policy formation on the whaling issue.
whereas the international community has shifted from a pro-whaling to an anti-whaling stance over this period.
Wong emphasises that ‘Japan’s policy on whaling has been most strongly determined by the perspective of the Fisheries Agency’ which acts as ‘its chief policy maker.’ Wong concludes that the Fisheries Agency’s view on whaling is made ‘bigger’ and ‘more inclusive’ than economics, as its discourse on whaling expands the issue into ‘one of national culture, pride, and sovereignty.’ Keiko Hirata similarly considers the culture of Japan’s domestic civil and political structures in order to explain why Japan does not adjust its whaling policy for the sake of better international relations.
Mike Danaher claims there are four reasons why Japan wants to continue whaling in spite of international criticism: whaling is a cultural tradition, internationally legal, sustainable under an open science and harvest plan, and does not attract ‘any significant domestic anti-whaling movement.’ Thus, international voices do not have a significant impact on Japanese policy-makers.
Atsushi Ishii and Ayako Okubo criticise Danaher’s views, stating that ‘he overemphasizes…
In Australia, public discourse often perpetuates the images of ‘good Australia’ and ‘bad Japan’ when it comes to the whaling issue, just as occurred during World War II.
The simple depiction of the whaling issue in polarised terms underrates the complexity of the cultural and linguistic frameworks operating behind the reportage of the whaling issue, particularly in relation to the reasons why Japanese newspaper articles are published as they are.
However, the problem for Australian reporters accessing Japanese information is not one of language but of access to additional privileged information provided to Japanese reporters by the government via the In Australia, it is widely believed that Japan conducts illegal whaling in the Southern Ocean.
While it is fair to say that whaling is illegal in accordance with Australia’s domestic regulations, Australia’s territorial claim over Antarctic waters is not universally recognised.
Australia stopped whaling in the 1970s due to ethical and environmental reasons, whereas Japan continues the practice in the name of science.
A cursory inspection of news reporting on the issue indicates that these public opinions are definitely reflected in the media, both in Australia and in Japan.