The Restoration refers to the restoration of the monarchy when Charles II was restored to the throne of England following an eleven-year Commonwealth period during which the country was governed by Parliament under the direction of the Puritan General Oliver Cromwell.
The essay is a masterpiece of satire, with a blend of rational deliberation and unthinkable conclusion, and its title has come to symbolize any proposition to solve a problem with an effective but outrageous cure.
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Thus this time is often also called the Age of Reason or Enlightenment.
Characteristics of this period included observing human nature and nature itself which were considered unchanging and constant. Writers of the time placed great emphasis on the original writings produced by classical Greek and Roman literature.
Characterized by irony and sarcasm, this satiric mode rejected humor in favor of moral outrage.
Eighteenth-century examples of Juvenalian satire include Swift’s (1729) and his misogynist poems such as “A Beautiful Young Nymph Going to Bed” (1731), “The Progress of Beauty” (1719-20), and “The Lady’s Dressing Room” (1732).Writers were often found observing nature in their attempts to express their beliefs.Human nature was considered a constant that observation and reason could be applied to for the advancement of knowledge.Closely allied with the emphasis placed on the classics and the unchanging rules of nature was the belief that reason was an unchanging and unique human quality that served as a guide for man.Literature during this period was often considered a tool for the advancement of knowledge.Among the most popular genres were both moral works (sermons, essays, dialogues, etc.) and satire.Satire in particular flourished in a variety of forms: prose, poetry, drama.Augustan examples of Horatian satire include Alexander Pope’s (1726).By contrast Juvenalian satire identified the object of its satire as evil, launching a contemptuous invective to ridicule it.Several like-minded Augustan satirists formed the Scriblerus Club, founded in 1712.Its members included Jonathan Swift; Alexander Pope; John Gay; John Arbuthnot; Henry St.